theories of shoot apical meristem – Duration: bosons botany 5, views · 8: Why we choke under pressure — and how to avoid it | Sian. The following points highlight the top three theories of shoot apical meristem. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Tunica-Corpus. The following points highlight the top three theories of root apical meristem in plants. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Korper- Kappe.

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Does the Histogen Theory apply to plant roots as well as stems? Sign up using Facebook.

This is due to the fact that in zones some genes are activated and others are repressed resulting in the production of different tissues. In this type the meristem is composed of tunica and corpus.

Composition of Sporopollenin in Spores and Pollen Plants.

The awkward case of ‘his or her’. Such chimera in a plant body exhibits layers with different chromosome numbers. The korper-kappe theory of root apex is comparable with tunica-corpus theory of shoot apex.

Nageli in advocated this theory. Answer Now and help others. The daughter cells are parallel in arrangement, share a common wall and divide by transverse partition followed by longitudinal partition in one cell.

The histogens — dermatogen, periblem and plerome are committal and respectfully give rise to epidermis, cortex and stele. The independence regarding origin among different layers of tunica and between tunica and corpus is strongly supported with the results of investigation by the use of periclinal chimeras. In present-day concept all cells in the shoot apex with tunica-corpus organization are fundamentally same and have equal potentiality. Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.


In root with dermatocalyptrogen the cap extends into protoderm. The component cells of tunica and corpus differ in size, shape, plane of cell division and topography. In the division of derivative cells there is no definite orientation of cell wall formation, i. Test Your Knowledge – and learn some interesting things along the way.

Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Composition of Sporopollenin in Spores and Pollen Plants.

Histogen theory

The initial cells of corpus occur below the tunica. The alkaloid colchicine, a chemical mutagen, is obtained from the plant Colchicum autumnale.

A single apical cell is present hiztogen in vascular cryptogams, e. Schmidt in postulated tunica- corpus theory on the basis of studies of shoot apices of angiosperm. Other workers treat tunica in a very loose sense and regard that the inner layer s may divide periclinally. Using this technique it was determined that outermost layer of tunica gives rise to epidermis whereas the inner layers donate cells to form other tissues.

But according to the definition on Merriam-Websterthe Histogen Theory is applicable to both the shoot and root systems. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. The treatment temporarily blocks mitosis. The peripheral meristem is highly meristematic. The main function of tunica is to give rise epidermis. In Greek meaning clothing. The apical cell is tetrahedral in shape and has three or four cutting faces among which single face is directed upward and the rest points downward.


Cytologically two zones are recognized in the tunica though all cells exhibit the same anticlinal cell division. Many layered tunica is termed as multistratose. In higher plants the apical cell theory was replaced by the concept that the different parts of a plant body have independent origin.

Thsory central part of root cap is the columella where the cells are arranged in longitudinal files.

botany – Does the Histogen Theory apply to plant roots as well as stems? – Biology Stack Exchange

Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. In Greek meaning skin. The derivatives of dermatogen vary. Later extensive investigations refuted the universal occurrence of solitary apical cell in a meristem. As a result all cutting faces have their daughter cells. This theory of histoyen meristem was proposed in by Schiiepp who regarded the occurrence of two systems of cell seriation that characterize the root apex with reference to planes of cell division in its parts.

Corpus is the inner tissue zone of shoot apex. This theory is concerned with planes of cell division in the apex. This occurs in downwardly pointed roots.

The tunica consists of one or more layers of cells that overlie the corpus.